6 Main Causes of Childhood Obesity.


Obesity in children is one of the visible yet overlooked Public Health problems with serious health implications such as Type 2 Diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases that affect individuals of all ages regardless of their age, race, culture or even socio-economic status. Childhood obesity is promptly emerging as a global epidemic according to World Health Organization. In this article, you’ll learn about childhood obesity and its causes.
What is childhood Obesity?
Childhood obesity can be defined as the occurrence when a child’s weight is above normal weight for his age and height. It can also be identified by a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for same age and sex or rise in the number of fat cells.
How many children are obese in Kenya?
According to statistics, of rural and urban areas of Kenya, approximately 18% a total of 1495 children between the ages of 3 and 5 years were overweight and 4% were obese.
What are the causes of obesity in children?
Diet.
It can be caused by poor dietary habits that is frequent intake of high calorie foods like fast foods, baked products and snacks including sweetened candies, desserts, sugary drinks among others while consuming inadequate intake of healthy foods such as vegetables, fruit and milk.
It can also from eating too much than the normal daily dietary intake.
The junk foods have a high energy content, high fat, sugar, chemical additives with a low amount of micronutrients and fiber thus associated with obesity.

Lack of exercise.
Children tend to be active during the young stages of their development. If they are physically inactive, they will tend to gain weight since calories do not burn. This can happen if a child is allowed to spend time on sedentary activities like watching television or playing video games the whole day.
Family factors.
This simply means the genetic factor. This is when a child inherits genes that predisposes him or her to obesity. Bad parenthood can also be a factor to cause obesity. This is because the parent or he caregiver is the one who picks and pays for what the child eats. If they decide to go the unhealthy way, the child can possibly become overweight and even go up to obesity.

Psychological factors.
These psychological factors include;
reduced school and social performance
less favorable quality of life
societal victimization and peer teasing
lower self-and body-esteem
Neuropsychological dysfunctioning. 
How does this psychosocial perspective cause obesity in children?
When a child struggles with negative thinking, low self and body esteem, peer teasing and social victimization, he or she can develop conditions an eating disorder like overeating which can result in weight gain and obesity.

Socioeconomic factors.
This relates to disturbances in the environment the child grows in. For example if a child grows in an environment that is stressful full of chaos can eventually lead to junk food addiction to alleviate the emotional states.
Certain medications.
Last but not least, it is good to be noted that some medicines prescribed to children can increase their risk of developing obesity. Examples include propranolol lithium and paroxetine
You need more clarifications?
If you need more information concerning Childhood obesity or if you have any pending information you can reach out to us by sending us a message on our website or Facebook page at https://bredahkendi.wordpress.com/
https://www.facebook.com/BredahNutritionist

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